Hail is the city located is in the mountainous region of Shammar, which can be found on the western part of Al-Odairie valley. This valley is also called as Hail Valley. Hail in Saudi Arabia acts as a passage for Islamic pilgrims from Syria and Iraq as they come here to visit Makkah and Madinah.
Hail of Saudi Arabia extends around the Shammar hills in the form of a bow. The city is surrounded by Salma mount in the east and north and Umm-Al-Riqab and Aja Mounts in the west. Hail is linked with Jeddah, Madinah, Makkah and Riyadh through modern expressways.
Hail in Saudi Arabia is the head office and provincial capital of the Governor, local authorities and branches of various departments of the govt. The city is also popular for its farming products such as wheat, fruits and vegetables and barley.
The history of Hail dates back to prehistoric times passing through the pre-Islamic age and the Islamic era. It was one of the most protected sites in the Arabian Peninsula and neither Al Hara Leaders in Irak nor the Ghassanid kings of the Levant could surpass Hailstorm until the Kingdom marriage in 1351H (1932).
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Hail is a multi cultured province; it connects the Assyrian and Babylonian cultures as indicated in the Talmudic and Safavid inscriptive stones and rocks. These stones and rocks are regarded to be important tourism attractions
Hail has always been associated with the famous legendary character -Hatim Altaay- who is known for his excessive kindness. Hailstorm is also associated with the ancient Hajj routes, used by pilgrims and business caravans. Hail Region is home to many literates and poets, and was frequented by many popular Western explorers throughout the Nineteenth century and Twentieth centuries, although the entry to Hail was very challenging in those periods.
Ha'il Regional Airport (IATA: HAS, ICAO: OEHL) is a domestic airport located to the southeast of Ha'il city, which is served by NAS Airlines, and to a limited extent by Saudi Arabian Airlines. A new international airport will be constructed near Ha'il city, in the Prince Abdul Aziz bin Mousaed Economic City (PABMEC), as Ha'il has a strategic location in the Middle East because it takes only one hour by plane to reach 11 Arab capitals.
Ha'il is located on Saudi Arabian highway 65, and is connected to 3 main highways, Madinah, Buraydah, and Jouf Highways, which connect Ha'il with the northern borders of Saudi Arabia.
Ha'il has an important logistic role in northern Saudi Arabia's rail system. In 2008 Ha'il is the site of a concrete sleeper plant for railway construction. In the near future a railway (the north-south line) will be built extending from Riyadh to Al Hadeetha in northern Saudi Arabia through Ha'il as part of the expansion of the Saudi railway system railway
Qishlah or AL Qishlah is a Palace located in the center of Ha'il city, Saudi Arabia. It was built in the 1940s during the principality of Prince Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ad Al Saud of Ha'il province. It is a two-floor mud palace, 142.8x141.2 meters, its walls are 8.5m high, and it has eight watching-towers along with the wall with two main gates, eastern and western gates.
The purpose of building it was to make it a center of the army troops arrived there. Then, it turned into a prison until the end of the principality of bin Musa'ad, which then turned to a historical building by the government.
Qishlah comes from the Turkish word for fort or barracks .
It is the museum of the city of Ha'il. It is also one of the places where visitors can buy permits to see the petroglyphs near Jubbah Oasis, the other place being Ateeq Naif al-Shammari's Jubbah Palace of Heritage museum just off the main street in the town of Jubbah itself. The rock carvings, which are believed to date from 5500 BC are in an area that is about an hour and a half from Ha'il city by car. Tours to the Najd desert can also be organized there.
It is located on the outskirts of the city. It is where the current governor of Ha'il province His Royal Highness Prince Saud Bin Abdul Mohsen Bin Abdul Aziz al Saud lives. It can only be seen from a distance - from the main highway nearby. It is a residential compound and as such is not open to the general public for sightseeing.
On a hill on the edge of the city is the impressive 'Airif (also spelled Oreif) Fort, a mud-brick (adobe) fort built over 200 years ago as a combined observation post and stronghold. There is a beautiful view of the city from the main watchtower.
Barzan Palace was a historic palace that used to be located in Ha'il up until the 1920s. It was built in 1808 by Prince Muhammad bin Abdul-Muhsin Al Ali over an area of more than 300,000 square meters. The Palace was completed during the rule of the 2nd Rashidi amir, Talal ibn Abdullah (1848-68).