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Jeddah

Saudi Arabia - Coast of Red Sea Jeddah

About:
Jeddah is located in the middle of the eastern coast of the red sea in saudi city and is known as the 'Bride of the Red Sea' and it is considered as the economic and tourism capital of the country.

The population of Jeddah is estimated around 3.4 million and it is the second biggest city after Riyadh. The city of Jeddah was founded around 3000 years back where groups of fishermen used to settle in it after their fishing trips. The city became the main passage for both sea and air pilgrims as well as those traveling by road. Jeddah city has became more well-known in last two decades of the 20th centuries, which created the city a city for money and business in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia and a significant and essential port for exporting non-oil relevant products as well as importing household needs.


History
Some archaeologists' research suggest the existence of population in the area now known as Jeddah since the Stone Age seeing as they discovered some relics and 'Thamoudian' writtens in Wadi (valley) Breiman east of Jeddah and Wadi Boib northeast of Jeddah. Some historians trace its founding to the group of Bani Quda'ah, who populated it after the collapse of Sad (dam) Ma'rib in 115 BC. Some believe that Jeddah had been inhabited before the tribe of Bani Quda'ah by fishers in the Red Sea, who regarded it a center from which they traveled in the sea as well as a locatio for relaxation and well-being. According to some records, the history of Jeddah goes back to early times before Alexander the Great, who came to the city between 323 and 356 BC.

How to reach

By plane
King Abdulaziz International Airport(IATA: JED): It is the largest airport in the Kingdom and is well served by airlines from around the world.It has two terminals and they are located on opposite sides of the massive apron and they are nearly 8 km apart of distance. The only formal access between the two terminals is by taxi.

South terminal
Saudi Airlines: All the Saudi airlines use this facility, including domestic services.

North terminal
Used by all other international flights.
Pakistan International Airlines has flights from all major cities of Pakistan to and from Jeddah.

By bus
There are also many bus routs to close by countries, especially jordan. Usually bus journey starts in Syria down to Amman, jordan then to most Saudi considerable cities. However, make sure before booking your seat that you don't have a "by air only" entry visa. Most bus organizations in Amman are located in Abdali. Ticket cost is around 25 JD; some organizations have daily trips to large cities like Jeddah. Make sure to check buses before booking as some companies have old and small seats buses . Trip is about 18 time nonstop through Medina route.

By ferry
Travelers coming from Egypt have an option to take a ferry.

Univerities
King Abdulaziz University
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Arab Open University
Dar Al-Hekma College
Effat University

Cuisine
Jeddah people are mixed with several different etnics and nations. This mixture of activities has had a major influence on Jeddah's traditional recipes.

The Yemeni dish Mandi is very popular as a lunch meal.As in other Saudi cities, the Nejdi dish Kabsa is popular among the people of Jeddah, often made with chicken instead of lamb meat. Hijazi cuisine is popular as well and dishes like Mitabbak, Hareisa, Foul, Shorabah Hareira (Hareira soup), Magloobah, Kabab Meiroo, Ma'asoob, Magliya (a Hijazi version of falafel), Saleeig (a Hijazi dish made of milk rice), Kibdah, Manzalah (usually eaten at Eid ul-Fitr),Mabshoor, Areika, Migalgal, Ruz Kabli, Madhbi (chicken grilled on stone),Madfun (literally meaning "buried"), hummus, Biryani, Ruz Bukhari and Saiyadyia can be acquired in many traditional restaurants around the city, such as Althamrat, Abo-Zaid, Al-Quarmooshi, Ayaz, and Hejaziyat.

Grilled various meats recipes such as shawarma, kofta and kebab have a excellent market in Jeddah. During Ramadan, sambousak and ful are especially well-known at the night iftar food. These dishes are discovered in Lebanese, Syrian, and Turkish restaurants.

Fast food is very popular in the Jeddah city. USA fast-food stores such as McDonald's, Hamburger Master, Domino's Pizzas and KFC are allocated in Jeddah, as are more upscale stores like Fuddruckers and Chili's. The local fast food chain, begun in 1986, is Al Baik, with sub-branches in Jeddah and the neighbouring cities of Yanbu, Madinah and Makkah. Their main dish is broiled and roasted chicken, well known by Jeddans as Brost, and a variety of seafood. Other local fast food restaurants have sprung up, like Al Tazaj, which serves seasoned grilled chicken and a side of Tahina with onion and spices.

Indian, Chinese, Japoneses, and other Oriental foods are also well-known. Italian, French, and other European restaurants are found throughout the city. India Gate is a well-known Indian restaurant located in Al Sharafiyah district of Jeddah, which offers a wide range of genuine Indian dishes.

Tourism

Historical places
In order to protect the Red Sea from the attacks by the Portuguese Hussain Al-Kurdi built a wall surrounding Jeddah thus embarking on providing it with castles, cannons and towers to repel the warships that are attacking the city. He not only constructed the wall but also he digged a trench outside the wall to protect the city enemy attacks. By taking the help of people of Jeddah, the construction of wall and along with two doors has been completed. One door is facing towards Makkah ad the other is facing towards the sea. The wall has 6 towers and each of these 6 having circumference of 16 'Thiraa' (an Islamic measurement unit around 50 cm) and consisted of six doors:

Bab (door) Makkah.
Bab Al-Medina.
Bab Shareef.
Bab Jadeed.
Bab Al-Bantt.
Bab Al-Magharba.
and a new door was added at the beginning of this century which was called Bab Al-Subba.

The wall was removed in 1947 AD because it came into the urban area of the city.

Al-Shafe'i Mosque: It is located in Harat Al-Mathloum in Al-Jame'i market, which is the earliest of its mosques. It is said that its minarets were designed in the 7th Hijri and is unique in its structure of a quadrangle with main open-air air flow. It has experienced a lot of recovery and servicing and is still used to perform prayer.

Othman bin Affan Mosque: It is also called Ebony Mosque because of two ebony poles it has. It is located in Harat Al-Mathloum, has a huge minaret, a

Al-Basha Mosque: It was built by Bakr Basha in the time at which he was the governor of Jeddah. It is located in Harat Al-Sham. It has a minaret which gave the city an historical and architected landmarkwhich is not changed and now demolished and another mosque was built in its place.

Akkash Mosque: It is located on Gabel Road to the weste. Its planning structure is done by Mr Akkash Abaza and the level of its surfaces was brought up from the ground level of the street so that people use stairs to get into it. It remains to be in fine shape and prayers are organised in it until this day.

Al-Mi'maar Mosque: It is situated on Al-Alwai Road to the west in Harat Al-Mathloum and was ordered by Mustafa Mi'maar Basha. It is now in fine condition, prayers are organised in it, and it has its own endowments.

Al-Rahmah (mercy) Mosque: It is built over the surface above the sea on the Cornich of Jeddah.

King Saud Mosque: It is situated in the Al-Balad region of the city and was built in the reign of King Saud.

Places to visit

Al-Balad (Old Town)
Jeddah's top sight is al-Balad,and is also called as the old city. The city walls has long since been split down, but the old gateways still there where it once was standing. Within you'll find a warren of historical structures and conventional souqs (markets), and the teetering, multistory barrier houses that Jeddah is popular for. Unfortunately, coral is not a very durable building material, and most of the structures are damaged. For a moment you will find yourself entirely 'in' different world, enclosed by people from all over the arab world, Asia and Africa.

Souq al-Alawi: It is located at center of the old city, coral houses line both directions of this busy market road. A digital cameras allow is in theoretically necessary but in practice nobody seems to bat an eye lid as long as you don't keep your camera in people's faces without asking their permission.

Naseef House: 5-9PM. The former house of one of Jeddah's main trading families is now being renovated as a museum of sorts. Great views from the top floors can be viewed when it's open. SR20.

Others

Parks
When the Saudi Arabian sun becomes too much for you to handle with, try looking at the waterpark at Sail Island. The playground was constructed on artificial peninsula and is protected by several sail-like camp tents, which offer shades while you enjoy the pool. A great place for kids.

Atallah Happy Land Park: (Jeddah Corniche). An amusement park with outdoor and indoor trips and attractions, bowling and ice skating, dining and shopping, 6D theatre and also live events. SR25.

Al-Shalal Theme Park: (Fakieh Poultry Farms), Jeddah Corniche near end of Sary St., The Park having the biggest double looped roller coaster in the Asian continent. The park is 34 m high and caters more than 700 visitors per an hour. The two story fun building at the center of the Park features an ice skating rink and a theme place, a roller skating rink and the Amazon Ride with a forest theme, complete with life-size figures of animals, sounds and light effects. The Amazon Ride is spread over an area of 1800² m with a lagoon and 15 m high waterfall.

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