Al-Madinah city in Saudi Arabia is of great spiritual significance to the Muslims. Prophet Mohammad immigrated to this city from Makkah. Residents of this city supported and fought together with Prophet Muhammad and were instrumental in spreading Islam in nearby locations. There are a variety of important structures and buildings in this city like the Islamic University, the Mosque of Prophet Mohammad and King Fahd complex. Masjid Al Quba, Islam's first mosque is located in Madinah.
There are 95 names of Madinah, a few of them are Al-Jaberah, Dar Al-Fateh, Al-Mubarakah, Taibah, Al-Mubarakah, Dar Al-Akhyar, Dar Al-Abrar, Dhat Al-Nakhl, Tabah, Al-Mu'mina and Dar Al-Sunnah.
Al-Madinah is bordered by hills and is a desert oasis. There are sources to Al-Madinah is several historical scriptures. It is considered that this place was populated by Northern and Southern Arabs about 1000years before the birth of Christ.
The city was initially known as Yathrib, but after Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and the Islamic group left Makkah in 622, Yathrib was selected as the new headquarter, 330 km northern of Makkah. Soon the city was called as 'City of the Prophet', 'Madinah An-Nabi '. From this place Muhammad (PBUH)'s group increased in strength, size and importance. After 8 years they had expanded powerful enough to power Makkah to provide in.
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Muhammad (PBUH) did visit Makkah after this, but after his departed in 632 in Yathrib. Muhammad (PBUH) was buried here, and a mosque was built around his grave. Medina was the capital of the Islamic community until 661, when Damascus became the capital of the Ummawiyys. Soon after the departure of Muhammad (PBUH), people started coming to Medina, to pay respects at his grave. This tradition has increased in importance, and these days all those who has the means, try to visit Medina after doing the hajj in Makkah.
Prince Mohammad Bin Abdul-Aziz International Airport or Prince Mohammad Airport is a regional airport opened in 1974 in the western Saudi city of Medina.It handles mostly domestic flights, although it has limited scheduled international services to regional destinations such as Dubai, Doha, Istanbul, Cairo and Kuwait.
Islamic University of Madinah
Thanks to its abundant date groves and vegetable gardens, Madinah had numerous food stock in ancient times.
This made Madinah a unique city among others cities of Al-Hejaz area whose citizens suffered many droughts. The abundance of dates formed a business for the people of Madinah in those days.
They sold dates to the passing caravans comming in along the commercial routes from southern part o the the Arabian Peninsula.
Today, around 120 different kinds of dates are cultivated in Madinah. `Ajwa is one of the most well-known varieties. Dates are a significant component in many desserts.
One of such desserts that are popular in Madinah is a baked cookie known as Souiyka which is made using `ajwa dates and grain flour.
The Prophet's Mosque: The mosque is the second largest mosque in the world. it is considered as the second holiest place for Islam after Masjid al Haram.
Masjid Quba: It is the first mosque in the history of Islam and it is situated about 3 kilometers away from Al Masjid Nabawi.
Masjid Jummah: It is located short of Medina.
Ruins of Masjid Zarrar: It was destroyed to save Muslims from the harm of non-Muslims. The Mosque's ruins are still present.
Masjid Miqat (Bir-Zulhalifa, Abyar-e-Ali): This mosque is located 12 kilometers away from Madina and it is declared as Meeqat for pilgrims. Here a well is present which is known as Ali's Well and the place is also called as Abyar-e-Ali. All buses / vehicles going to Makkah stop here and pilgrims change into Ihrams here.
Masjid Bilal: this mosque is very near to the dates market.
Masjid Ali: Ali's mosque is situated close to Al Masjid Nabawi.
Masjid Abu Bakar: It is located only 40 yards away from Masjid Ghamama, south to the Masjid Nabawi.
Masjid Umar: It is situated near Masjid Ghamama.
Masjid Ghamama: It is situated at a walking distance from Al Masjid Nabawi, and here Allah's apostle (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed for rain. It is also called Masjid al-Eid for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and companions used to offer the Eid prayers here. It is situated at a walking distance from Al Masjid Nabawi, and here Allah's apostle (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) prayed for rain. It is also called Masjid al-Eid for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and companions used to offer the Eid prayers here.